Th\u1ec3 b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng th\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng kh\u00e1 ph\u1ed5 bi\u1ebfn trong ti\u1ebfng Anh, c\u1ea3 trong giao ti\u1ebfp h\u1eb1ng ng\u00e0y l\u1eabn giao ti\u1ebfp trong t\u00ecnh hu\u1ed1ng trang tr\u1ecdng. Ph\u1ed5 bi\u1ebfn l\u00e0 nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, tuy nhi\u00ean c\u00f3 r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u b\u1ea1n v\u1eabn g\u1eb7p kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n khi s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec ti\u1ebfng Anh. B\u00e0i vi\u1ebft n\u00e0y s\u1ebd cung c\u1ea5p cho c\u00e1c b\u1ea1n n\u1ed9i dung li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec c\u00f9ng v\u1edbi c\u00e1ch s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a ch\u00fang. C\u00f9ng b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u nh\u00e9! \tT\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c th\u00ec trong ti\u1ebfng Anh \u0111\u1ea7y \u0111\u1ee7 nh\u1ea5t\u00a0 \tM\u1eb9o t\u1ef1 h\u1ecdc ti\u1ebfng Anh t\u1ea1i nh\u00e0 hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3 H\u00e3y c\u00f9ng Elight kh\u00e1m ph\u00e1 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec \u1edf ti\u1ebfng Anh nh\u00e9: I - C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec trong ti\u1ebfng Anh D\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 b\u1ea3n t\u00f3m t\u1eaft th\u1ec3 b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c th\u00ec trong ti\u1ebfng Anh. B\u1ea1n theo d\u00f5i b\u1ea3ng d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u1ec3 bi\u1ebft c\u00e1ch chuy\u1ec3n c\u00e2u ch\u1ee7 \u0111\u1ed9ng \u1edf c\u00e1c th\u00ec sang c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng nh\u00e9.\u00a0 Th\u00ec C\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng V\u00ed d\u1ee5 c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng Th\u00ec hi\u1ec7n t\u1ea1i \u0111\u01a1n (Simple Present): S + am\/is\/are + PP + (by +O). Ex: He waters flowers everyday. -> Flowers are watered everyday. Th\u00ec qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9 \u0111\u01a1n (Past Simple): S + was\/were + PP +(by +O). Ex: The storm destroyed the city last night. -> The city was destroyed by the storm last night. Th\u00ec hi\u1ec7n t\u1ea1i ti\u1ebfp di\u1ec5n (Present Continuous): S + am\/is\/are + being + PP +(by +O). Ex: We are taking the kids to the zoo. -> The kids are being taken to the zoo (by us). Th\u00ec qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9 ti\u1ebfp di\u1ec5n (Past Continuous): S + was\/were + being + PP +(by +O). Ex: They were decorating the house when we came -> The house was being decorated when we came. Th\u00ec hi\u1ec7n t\u1ea1i ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh (Present Perfect): S + have\/has + been + PP +(by +O). Ex: We have used this TV for 2 years. -> This TV has been used (by us) for 2 years. Th\u00ec qu\u00e1 kh\u1ee9 ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh (Past Perfect): S + had + been + PP +(by +O). Ex: They had done the exercises. > The exercises had been done (by them). Th\u00ec t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai \u0111\u01a1n (Simple Future): S + will + be + PP + (by +O). Ex: They will cut the grass tomorrow. -> The grass will be cut (by them) tomorrow. Th\u00ec t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai ti\u1ebfp di\u1ec5n (Future Continuous): S + will + be + being + PP + (by +O). Ex: She will be cooking dinner when you come here tomorrow. -> Dinner will be being cooked (by her) when you come here tomorrow. Th\u00ec t\u01b0\u01a1ng lai ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh (Future Perfect): S + will + have + been + PP + (by +O). Ex: They will have finished the course by the end of this month. -> The course will have been finished by the end of this month. B\u1ea3ng tr\u00ean \u0111\u00e3 c\u1eadp nh\u1eadt \u0111\u1ea7y \u0111\u1ee7 c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec cho b\u1ea1n, h\u00e3y \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o m\u00ecnh \u0111\u00e3 n\u1eafm \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c truy\u1ec1n t\u1ea3i trong b\u1ea3ng n\u00e0y b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch k\u00e9o xu\u1ed1ng d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c h\u00e0nh b\u00e0i luy\u1ec7n t\u1eadp nh\u00e9. II - Ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t c\u00e1ch d\u00f9ng By v\u00e0 With V\u1edbi c\u00e1c c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong ti\u1ebfng Anh, ta s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec nh\u01b0 sau: - By v\u1edbi ch\u1ee7 th\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng. E.g. The door was opened by Ms. Rose. (C\u00e1nh c\u1eeda \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1edf b\u1edfi c\u00f4 Rose.) \u201cMs. Rose\u201d l\u00e0 ch\u1ee7 th\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng. - With v\u1edbi c\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee5, \u0111\u1ed3 v\u1eadt ho\u1eb7c nguy\u00ean li\u1ec7u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng. E.g. The door was opened with a key. (C\u00e1nh c\u1eeda \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1edf b\u1eb1ng m\u1ed9t chi\u1ebfc ch\u00eca kh\u00f3a.) \u201ca key\u201d l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3 v\u1eadt \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng.\u00a0 III - Luy\u1ec7n t\u1eadp c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec B\u00e0i 1 - Ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh c\u00e1c c\u00e2u d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y v\u1edbi d\u1ea1ng b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u1eeb. \t My pet bird is being treated (treat) by the vet. \t Mai's health issues ___________________ (always\/ take care) of by her doctor. \t My cat ___________________ (feed) by my sister when I am away. \t After receiving the scholarships, students ___________________ (usually\/ give) a lot of opportunities to study abroad. \t My homework ___________________ (often\/ leave) until the night before the deadline. \t Help me! I ___________________ (follow) by a strange man. \t My questions ___________________ (always\/ answer) by my teacher. \t My bike ___________________ (repair) by my father right now. \t Several new apartments ___________________ (build) at the moment. \u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0 B\u00e0i 2 - H\u00e3y vi\u1ebft c\u00e1c c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng \u1edf d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o c\u00e1c g\u1ee3i \u00fd d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y. \t The Eiffel Tower\/ design\/ Gustave Eiffel. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel. \t Albert Einstein\/ award\/ the Nobel prize in Physics\/ 1921. _________________________________________________. \t The Mona Lisa\/ paint\/ Leonardo da Vinci. _________________________________________________. \t Long Bien Bridge\/ construct\/ 1899. _________________________________________________. \t Gravity\/ discover\/ Sir Isaac Newton\/ 1666. _________________________________________________. \t Google\/ found\/ 1998. _________________________________________________. \t America\/ discover\/ Christopher Columbus\/ 1492. _________________________________________________. B\u00e0i 3 - Ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh c\u00e1c c\u00e2u d\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y v\u1edbi d\u1ea1ng b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u1eeb. \t My phone was damaged (damage) because I left it out in the rain. \t Several of the new apartments ___________________ (buy) since they were put up for sale. \t My first novel ___________________ (publish) a week ago. \t All my toys ___________________ (put) away when I moved out of my parent's house. \t My wallet ___________________ (steal) when I was at the shopping mall yesterday. \t Her children ___________________ (take) care of by a nanny since the divorce. \t Some changes ___________________ (make) to the original plan yesterday. \t Some native English speakers ___________________ (offer) teaching positions at his school last year. \t A lot of delicious dishes ___________________ (already\/ prepare). \u0110\u00e1p \u00e1n b\u00e0i\u00a0t\u1eadp c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec C\u00f9ng Elight ki\u1ec3m tra \u0111\u00e1p \u00e1n c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng b\u00e0i t\u1eadp v\u1ec1 c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec \u1edf tr\u00ean nh\u00e9! B\u00e0i 1: \t are always taken care \t is fed \t are usually given \t is often left \t am being followed \t are always answered \t is being repaired \t are being built B\u00e0i 2: \t Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel prize in Physics in 1921. \t The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci. \t Long Bien Bridge was constructed in 1899. \t Gravity was discovered by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666. \t Google was founded in 1998. \t America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. B\u00e0i 3: \t have been bought \t was published \t were put \t was stolen \t have been taken \t were made \t were offered \t have already been prepared Elight hy v\u1ecdng b\u00e0i luy\u1ec7n h\u00f4m nay \u0111\u00e3 gi\u00fap b\u1ea1n l\u00e0m ch\u1ee7 c\u1ea5u tr\u00fac c\u00e2u b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed9ng trong c\u00e1c th\u00ec ti\u1ebfng Anh!